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Slavery and the Slave Trade

African people have been captured and sold as slaves within their own continent, across the Atlantic, and in the East. Even today reports in the news suggest slavery still exists.
  1. Slavery in South Africa (2)
  2. Slavery Images (9)

São Tomé and the Slave Trade
São Tomé is considered to be a principal port in the export of slaves across the Atlantic, this is, however, only part of the story.

Origins of the trans-Atlantic slave trade
Portuguese exploration and trade: 1450 - 1500.

African Slavery 101
Although slavery has been practiced for almost the whole of recorded history, the vast numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.

Slavery Statistics and Maps
Statistics and maps for Slavery in Africa including the Trans-Atlantic Trade.

Slavery in Africa
Whether slavery existed within sub-Saharan African societies before the arrival of Europeans is a hotly contested point between Afrocentric and Eurocentric academics. What is certain is that Africans were subjected to several forms of slavery over the centuries Find out what forms of slavery were experienced by Africans.

Origins of the trans-Atlantic slave trade
When the Portuguese first sailed down the Atlantic African coast in the 1430s, they were interested in one thing. Surprisingly, given modern perspectives, it was not slaves but gold. However, by 1500 they had traded 81,000 Africans to Europe, nearby Atlantic islands, and to Muslim merchants in Africa.

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Expanding European empires in the New World lacked one major resource -- a work force. The result was the infamous triangular trade and the horrors experienced by Africans on the middle passage.

How Many Slaves Were Taken from Africa?
Information on how many slaves were shipped from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas during the sixteenth century can only be estimated as very few records exist for this period. But from the seventeenth century onwards, increasingly accurate records, such as ship manifests, are available.

Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Origins of Slaves
Slaves for the Trans-Atlantic slave trade were initially sourced in Senegambia and the Windward Coast. Around 1650 the trade moved to west-central Africa (the Kingdom of the Kongo and neighbouring Angola).

São Tomé and the Slave Trade
São Tomé is considered to be a priciple port used for the export of slaves across the Altantic, but this is only part of the story. The total number of slaves exported from São Tomé to the Caribbean (in the mid-sixteenth century) is almost equal to the total number shipped to trans-Saharan traders along the Gold Coast at the beginning of the sixteenth century.

The Role of Islam in African Slavery
When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?

Reparations for Slavery
There is a call for reparations to be made by the West for the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Are all the issues being considered?

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