Wednesday June 12, 2013
On 11 July 1963 a raid was undertaken on Lilieslief farm in Rivonia, near Johannesburg, which was being used by the MK as headquarters. The remaining leadership of the MK was arrested. Nelson Mandela
was included at trial with those arrested at Lilieslief and charged with over 200 counts of "sabotage, preparing for guerrilla warfare in SA, and for preparing an armed invasion of SA
On 12 June 1964 the court handed down life sentences to Nelson Mandela and seven of his co-accused:
Dennis Goldberg, Walter Sisulu
, Govan Mbeki, Kames Kantor, Andrew Mlangeni, Elias Motsoaledi, and Raymond Mhlaba.
Monday June 10, 2013
With Italy's declaration of war against Britain and France on 10 June 1940, forces on both sides in North Africa are put on alert. The following day, Britain makes the first strike, bombing Italian targets in Libya. Rea Leakey in his biography Leakey's Luck recounts what happened next: "At dawn on 14 June [the British] crossed the frontier marked by a double-line of barbed-wire entanglements which stretched from the coast across 260 miles of desert to the oasis of Girabub... five tanks and [a] company of infantry [from the 7th Armoured Division] set forth to capture Fort Capuzzo."
In fact, it would be another three months before the Italian army advanced into Egypt...
Sunday June 9, 2013
On 9 June 1865 the Seqiti War (or Second Basotho War) broke out between the people of Moshoeshoe, founder of the Sotho (Basuto) nation, and the Orange Free State (which had gained its independence in 1854). Realizing that he could not hold off the Boers indefinitely, Mosheoshoe sought protection from the British - the treaty of Aliwal North was signed by Sir Philip Wodehouse for the British and the Boer republican government in 1868.
A year after Moshoeshoe's death in 1870 Basutoland was incorporated into the Cape Colony. After further disputes, this time over the Basuto being allowed to carry firearms, Basutoland was brought under direct British control as a High Commission territory in 1884.
Seqiti is said to be the Basuto word for the noise the Boer cannon made.
Thursday June 6, 2013
Following the secession of Biafra on 30 May (announced by Colonel Odumegwu Ojukwu), the Nigerian government initiated a 'police action' with two columns of Federal troops heading into Biafra. The western column first headed towards Nsukka, north of Enugu, and the eastern column heading to Gakem, north east of Ogoja. The first confrontation was on 6 June 1967 when Nigerian Federal forces captured the town of Gakem, the start of three years of conflict which resulted in great human suffering - it is estimated that almost three million people died, mostly of hunger and disease.
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