1940, 12 September - World War II: North Africa
Italy troops under the command of General Rodolfo Graziani make the first of three drives from Libya into Egypt.
1974, 12 September
Emperor (Negus) Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by military coup, Aman Mikael Andom is the new Chairman of the Provisional Administration Council.
1977, 12 September
Stephen Bantu (Steve) Biko, founder of the Black Consciousness movement in South Africa, dies in a Pretoria prison cell. Find out more...