1879, 22 January - Anglo-Zulu War of 1879: Isandlwana
The British Army suffers its greatest defeat in Africa when 24,000 Zulu warriors overrun a British camp of 1,700 near Isandlwana mountain. Over 1,300 of the British force was killed, with only 60 Europeans surviving.
1943, 22 January - World War II: North Africa
Axis forces pull out of Tripoli and head back towards Tunisia.
1964, 22 January
Kenneth Kaunda is sworn in as the first president of the newly independent Zambia.