1902, 10 December
After four years of construction, the Aswan Dam, Egypt, is declared completed today.
1942, 10 December - World War II North Africa
A strong German attack at Medjez el Bab, Tunisia, is turned by British and Free French defenders.
1960, 10 December
Albert John Mvumbi Luthuli is the first black African to win the Nobel Peace Prize. Luthuli was elected president of the ANC in 1952, and although he was an advocate of peaceful negotiation rather than violence, he led the protests against the 1960 Sharpville shootings and supported the burning of passes. Luthuli was allowed to leave South Africa in the following year to collect the Peace Prize and was offered political asylum by the US, which he refused.
1963, 10 December
Zanzibar gains independence from Britain.