There are a number of Frequently Asked Questions about the history of Apartheid in South Africa - find out the answers here.
- When Did Apartheid Start in South Africa?
- Who Supported Apartheid?
- How Did The Apartheid Government Come Into Power?
- What Were the Foundations of Apartheid?
Key Apartheid Events
Much occurred during the history of the Apartheid era in South Africa, but a few events have special significance. Find out about those events which were turning points in the development and fall of Apartheid.
- The Treason Trial -- 1956 to 1961
- Women's Anti-Pass March -- 9 August 1956
- Soweto Student Uprising -- 16 June 1976
- Bombing of ANC headquarters in London -- 12 March 1982
- Crossroads -- February to June 1985
The Sharpeville Massacre of 21 March 1960 signaled the start of armed resistance in South Africa, and prompted worldwide condemnation of South Africa's Apartheid policies.
Apartheid Era Leaders
South Africa's Apartheid Era produced many notable figures -- from the heroes of the anti-Apartheid struggle to the politicians of the National Party. This selection of biographies documents the lives of those on the front line, from Mandela and Biko to Malan and Botha.
What makes South Africa's apartheid era different to segregation and racial hatred that have occurred in other countries is the systematic way in which the National Party, which came into power in 1948, formalized it through the law.
- Apartheid Legislation in South Africa
- Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of 1950
- Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950
- Bantu Authorities Act, Act No 68 of 1951
- Natives (Abolition of Passes) Act, Act No 67 of 1952
- Riotous Assemblies and Suppression of Communism Amendment Act No 15 of 1954
- Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act No 46 of 1959
- Unlawful Organisations Act No 34 of 1960
- Terrorism Act No 83 of 1967
A selection of significant Apartheid era documents.
- Text of the Freedom Charter -- 26 June 1955
- Groote Schuur Minute -- 4 May 1990
- Pretoria Minute -- 6 August 1990
A glossary of terms and expressions relevant to the history of Apartheid.
A selection of images from Apartheid Era South Africa, collected in themed galleries.