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Robben Island Prison Museum

Gallery of images of Robben Island, World Heritage Site and Apartheid era prison

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Robben Island, the place where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 18 (out of 27) years, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999. It was used as a maximum security prison during South Africa's Apartheid era, and has since become a symbol of the strength and endurance of its political prisoners, and "the triumph of the human spirit, of freedom, and of democracy over oppression. " (Quote from UNESCO World Heritage site, citing reasons for its inscription.)

Robben Island has a long history, visited by the Khoi long before any Europeans arrived, it was named by Portuguese sailors for the plentiful seals (Dutch for seals = 'rob'). The island has also been known as Penguin Island. It was first made a place of banishment by Jan van Riebeeck in 1658, and has since served as a prison, a leper colony, and as a defensive station during World War II.

Images 37-46 of 46
Robben Island Prison Museum: Leper ChurchRobben Island Prison Museum: 1894 Primary SchoolRobben Island Prison Museum: Anglican ChurchRobben Island Prison Museum: Warden's Housing
Robben Island Prison Museum: View Towards Cape TownRobben Island Prison Museum: WreckRobben Island Prison Museum: LighthouseRobben Island Prison Museum: Moturu Kramat
Robben Island Prison Museum: WWII HowitzerRobben Island Prison Museum: WWII Gun Enplacement
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