1. Education

Robben Island Prison Museum

Gallery of images of Robben Island, World Heritage Site and Apartheid era prison


Robben Island, the place where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 18 (out of 27) years, has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1999. It was used as a maximum security prison during South Africa's Apartheid era, and has since become a symbol of the strength and endurance of its political prisoners, and "the triumph of the human spirit, of freedom, and of democracy over oppression. " (Quote from UNESCO World Heritage site, citing reasons for its inscription.)

Robben Island has a long history, visited by the Khoi long before any Europeans arrived, it was named by Portuguese sailors for the plentiful seals (Dutch for seals = 'rob'). The island has also been known as Penguin Island. It was first made a place of banishment by Jan van Riebeeck in 1658, and has since served as a prison, a leper colony, and as a defensive station during World War II.

Images 37-46 of 46
Robben Island Prison Museum: Leper ChurchRobben Island Prison Museum: 1894 Primary SchoolRobben Island Prison Museum: Anglican ChurchRobben Island Prison Museum: Warden's Housing
Robben Island Prison Museum: View Towards Cape TownRobben Island Prison Museum: WreckRobben Island Prison Museum: LighthouseRobben Island Prison Museum: Moturu Kramat
Robben Island Prison Museum: WWII HowitzerRobben Island Prison Museum: WWII Gun Enplacement
  1. About.com
  2. Education
  3. African History
  4. African History Resources
  5. Robben Island Prison Museum

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.