1. Education
A Chronological List of Independence Dates for Africa.

 

Country Independence Date Prior ruling country
Liberia, Republic of 26 July 1847 -
South Africa, Republic of 31 May 1910 Britain
Egypt, Arab Republic of 28 February 1922 Britain
Ethiopia 1, People's Democratic Republic of 5 May 1941 Italy
Libya (Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) 24 December 1951 Britain
Sudan, Democratic Republic of 1 January 1956 Britain/Egypt
Morocco 2, Kingdom of 2 March 1956 France 2
Tunisia, Republic of 20 March 1956 France
Ghana, Republic of 6 March 1957 Britain
Guinea, Republic of 2 October 1958 France
Cameroon 3, Republic of 1 January 1960 France
Senegal, Republic of 4 April 1960 France
Togo, Republic of 27 April 1960 France
Mali, Republic of 22 September 1960 France
Madagascar, Democratic Republic of 26 June 1960 France
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of the 30 June 1960 Belgium
Somalia, Democratic Republic of 1 July 1960 Britain
Benin, Republic of 1 August 1960 France
Niger, Republic of 3 August 1960 France
Burkina Faso, Popular Democratic Republic of 5 August 1960 France
Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of (Ivory Coast) 7 August 1960 France
Chad, Republic of 11 August 1960 France
Central African Republic 13 August 1960 France
Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of the 15 August 1960 France
Gabon, Republic of 17 August 1960 France
Nigeria 4, Federal Republic of 1 October 1960 Britain
Mauritania, Islamic Republic of 28 November 1960 France
Sierra Leone, Republic of 27 April 1961 Britain
Tanzania, United Republic of 9 December 1961 Britain
Burundi, Republic of 1 July 1962 Belgium
Rwanda, Republic of 1 July 1962 Belgium
Algeria, Democratic and Popular Republic of 3 July 1962 France
Uganda, Republic of 9 October 1962 Britain
Kenya, Republic of 12 December 1963 Britain
Malawi, Republic of 6 July 1964 Britain
Zambia, Republic of 24 October 1964 Britain
Gambia, Republic of The 18 February 1965 Britain
Botswana, Republic of 30 September 1966 Britain
Lesotho, Kingdom of 4 October 1966 Britain
Mauritius, State of 12 March 1968 Britain
Swaziland, Kingdom of 6 September 1968 Britain
Equatorial Guinea, Republic of 12 October 1968 Spain
Guinea-Bissau5, Republic of 24 September 1973
(alt. 10 September 1974)
Portugal
Mozambique, Republic of 25 June 1975 Portugal
Cape Verde, Republic of 5 July 1975 Portugal
Comoros, Federal Islamic Republic of the 6 July 1975 France
São Tomé and Principe, Democratic Republic of 12 July 1975 Portugal
Angola, People's Republic of 11 November 1975 Portugal
Western Sahara 6 28 February 1976 Spain
Seychelles, Republic of 29 June 1976 Britain
Djibouti, Republic of 27 June 1977 France
Zimbabwe, Republic of 18 April 1980 Britain
Namibia, Republic of 21 March 1990 South Africa
Eritrea, State of 24 May 1993 Ethiopia

Notes

  1. Ethiopia is usually considered to have never been colonized, but following the invasion by Italy in 1935-36 Italian settlers arrived. Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed and went into exile in the UK. He regained his throne on 5 May 1941 when he re-entered Addis Ababa with his troops. Italian resistance was not completely overcome until 27th November 1941.

  2. Also for Morocco:
    Morocco (Spanish Northern Zone, Marruecos) 7 April 1956 Spain
    Morocco (International Zone, Tangiers) 29 October 1956 -
    Morocco (Spanish Southern Zone, Marruecos) 27 April 1958 Spain
    Morocco (Ifni) 30 June 1969 Spain

  3. Also for Cameroon
    Cameroon (British Cameroon South) 1 October 1961 Britain

  4. Also for Nigeria
    Nigeria (British Cameroon North) 1 June 1961 Britain

  5. Guinea-Bissau Unilateral Declaration of Independence on 24 September 1973, now considered as Independence Day, however independence was only recognized by Portugal on 10 September 1974 as a result of the Algiers Accord of 26 August 1974.
  6. Western Sahara was immediately seized by Morocco, a move contested by Polisario (Popular Front for the Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra and Rio del Oro).

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