The war(s) between the British and the Ashanti were brought to an end in 1874 when the defeated King, Asantehene, signed a treaty with the British. The Gold Coast colony was created, incorporating the Ahanti and a Protectorate in the north. Following the re-disposition of German colonies after World War I, British Togoland was joined as a fourth territorial element. Independence was achieved on 6 March 1957, and the country named after an Islamic empire that existed a thousand years ago in the Sahel region south-west of the Sahara.
Since independence Ghana has seen multiple military coups and four attempts at a republic.
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