African History: Most Popular Articles
A brief review of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, with particular reference to the triangular trade and recent statistics.
Why was Africa so rapidly colonized?
A biography of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.
What was Apartheid? Find the answer in this FAQ.: apartheid government racial segregation union of south africa geographical boundaries afrikaans word
South Africa used legislation to implement the segregation of its black population. Here is a descriptive list of the key Apartheid laws enacted by the National Party government.
Although slavery has been practiced for almost the whole of recorded history, the vast numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.
Idi Amin, who became known as the 'Butcher of Uganda' for his brutal, despotic rule whilst president of Uganda in the 1970s, is possibly the most notorious of all Africa's post-independence dictators. Find out more in this biography.
Between the 11th and 15th centuries West Africa was a major trading region, exporting goods to Europe, Arabia, India, and China across the Sahara Desert.
There are two countries in Africa which are considered to never have been colonized. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate.
The Group Areas Act No 41 of 1950 forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races. Find out more
Unsure when Apartheid started in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
A Chronological List of Independence Dates for Africa. Country Independence Date Prior ruling country
What are Political Institutions?
A Gallery of Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade
A short biography of Steve Biko, founder and martyr of the Black Consciousness movement in South Africa.
Types of Slavery in Africa - What Kinds of Slavery Existed in Africa?
The significance of South Africa's national holidays.
How has Pan-Africanism developed over the last couple of centuries into a socio-political movement?
Unsure when Apartheid ended in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?
A selection of quotes by Steve Biko
Bantu Education, the separate and limited experience encountered by non-whites in South Africa when pursuing an education, was a cornerstone of the apartheid philosophy. The following quotes illustrate the diverse viewpoints about Bantu Education from both sides of the anti-Apartheid struggle.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Slave Decks on the Slave Bark Wildfire. Page 13.
First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Born into dominant Kikuyu culture, Kenyatta became its most famous interpreter of Kikuyu traditions through his book Facing Mount Kenya. Part 1 of his biography, from his early days to his political awakening.
By the mid 1960's the majority of African states were free from colonial rule. Read more about each country's story in this Atlas of Independence.
The historical background to the June, 16 1976 protest by high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, where police fired teargas and live bullets
What was the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act No 55 of 1949?
The Origin of South Africa's Human Rights Day
A explanation of the term Mfecane and why the subject is controversial.
What was the Brazzaville Conference of 1944
Blacks (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act No 67 of 1952 required all black persons over the age of 16 to carry a reference (or pass) book at all times. Find out more...
The Population Registration Act required South Africans to be identified and registered as belonging to one of four distinct racial groups. Find out more...
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Plans of Slave Decks, Slave Ship Brookes. Page 12.
Portuguese exploration and trade: 1450-1500.
What was the Kingdom of Kush? African History.
From the Afrikaans' word for 'separation,' Apartheid was a social philosophy which enforced racial and economic segregation on the people of South Africa.
A list of when various African countries joined the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Mau Mau were a militant African nationalist movement active in Kenya during the 1950s whose main aim was to remove British rule and European settlers from the country.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Testing an African Slave For Sickness. Page 10.
Color in Ancient Egypt. African History.
Information on how many slaves were shipped from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas during the sixteenth century can only be estimated as very few records exist for this period. But from the seventeenth century onwards, increasingly accurate records, such as ship manifests, are available.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Inspection of an African Slave. Page 9.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Diagram of the Slave Ship Brookes. Page 11.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Young African Boys Captured for Slave Trade. Page 8.
What happened when the South African government tried to force women to carry passes.
The Origin and Meaning of Adinkra Symbols.: adinkra symbols traditional cloths africanhistory akan symbols abstract shapes
A selection of quotes by Idi Amin Dada, president of Uganda from 25 January 1971 to 13 April 1979.
A chronology of colonization and independence.: south west africa dutch east indies walvis bay gold ivory africa independence
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Female East African Slave. Page 7.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Slave Barracoon. Page 6.
What is the Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS?
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Exercising Slaves on a Trans-Atlantic Slave Ship. Page 14.
A brief introduction to the history of Ghana from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Early Kingdoms to Independence
A selection of quotes by Nelson Mandela
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Cape Coast Castle, Gold Coast. Page 5.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Indigenous African slavers Traveling From the Interior. Page 4.
What does Ubuntu mean? Find the answer to what Ubuntu means in this African History Glossary
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Slaver's Canoe. Page 2.
Full Text of the General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa as signed on 26 February 1885
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: African Captives Being Sent Into Slavery. Page 3.
What was Ujamaa and how did Nyerere's social and economic policy affect Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s?
Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, lived a fascinating life. Read a selection of his most famous quotes.
A Selection of Quotes by Julius Kambarage Nyerere
Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu Influential anti-Apartheid activist and co-founder of the African National Congress
Mungo Park, a Scottish surgeon and explorer, was sent out by the 'Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior of Africa' to discover the course of the River Niger. Having achieved a degree of fame from his first trip, carried out alone and on foot, he returned to Africa with a party of 40 Europeans, all of whom lost their lives in the adventure.
What were the Pass Laws in Apartheid era South Africa?
A brief introduction to the history of Liberia from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 –Colonization to Civil War
A biography of Chief Albert Luthuli, Africa's first winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace and president of the ANC until his death (under mysterious circumstances) in 1967.
A brief introduction to the history of Zambia from the time of early humans to the present day.
A map showing the location of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in Africa.
What was the Immorality Amendment Act No 21 of 1950
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Origins of Slaves Details of where slaves were taken from Africa and how
The. African History.
The politicking behind the scenes for the formation of the Union of South Africa allowed the foundations of Apartheid to be laid.
What was the Gukurahundi? African History.
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Indigenous African Slavery
Considered the oldest recognisable pre-colonial society in sub-Saharan Africa, the Nok Culture is exemplified by its magnificent terracotta sculptures and the development of iron working. Find out more about this ancient African civilization.
Unsure how the Apartheid regime came into power? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
Slavery Regions for the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Page 5.
West African monarch who ruled Songhai from 1464 to 1492, expanding a small kingdom along the Niger River into one of medieval Africa's greatest empires.
According to Ancient Egyptian history Menes was the founder of the unified Egyptian state which combined Upper and Lower Egypt.
What was the Suppression of Communism Act No 44 of 1950
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, described by some of her rivals as an Americo-Liberian, the descendant of Liberia's ex-American-slave colonists, has reached the pinnacle o her political career. Awaiting the results of an investigation into alleged (by her main political rival George Weah) election fraud, Johnson-Sirleaf could become Africa's first elected woman president. Find out more
A brief introduction to the history of Kenya from the time of early humans to the present day.
A potted history of Morocco. African History.
Unsure who supported Apartheid in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
On 16 June 1976 high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, protested for better education. Police fired teargas and live bullets into the marching students. Part 2: Students organize a protest.
Over the centuries, explorers have found the allure of the unknown reaches of Africa irresistible. Find out who was who, where they went, and when.
What is Ebola? African History.
A brief introduction to the history of Cameroon from the time of early humans to the present day.
A Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the father of Tanzania.
Many South Africans are the descendants of slaves brought to the Cape Colony from 1653 until 1822. Follow the main events in this period of South Africa's history in this timeline.
Descriptions of the main apartheid legislation enacted in South Africa.
The republic of Tunisia achieved independence from France on 20 March 1956. Its history, however, is one of occupation - by the Phoenicians, the Romans,
A gallery of images of Apartheid Era Signs from the mid 1950s to late 1970s.
There is a call for reparations to be made by the West for the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Are all the issues being considered?
Map of the Triangular Trade. African History. Page 4.
Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act No 46 of 1959 allowed for the transformation of reserves into fully-fledged independent Bantustans. Find out more
18 countries in Africa are currently part of the Commonwealth of Nations (with Zimbabwe having departed in 2003).
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland lasted for 10 years, part of Britain's approach to independence in Africa. Find out more about the federation and why it ended.
What was the Afrikaner Broederbond?
An introduction to the history of the African nation. This part confronts the effect of nationalistic shifts and the new constitution.
South African Anglican cleric, winner of the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent anti-Apartheid role, chairman of the TRC in late 1990s. Tutu was a powerful moral force in South Africa, and a central figure in the anti-Apartheid struggle.
Freedom Charter. African History.
Unsure what the Foundations of Apartheid were? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
The Black Authorities Act No 68 of 1951 allowed for the creation of traditional tribal, regional and territorial authorities. Find out more
In February 2002 a list of Africa's Top 100 books was announced. Find out why.
First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Born into dominant Kikuyu culture, Kenyatta became its most famous interpreter of Kikuyu traditions through his book Facing Mount Kenya. Part 2 of his biography, from his political awakening to the Mau Mau Rebellion.
Joe Slovo, anti-Apartheid activist, was one of the founders of Umkhonto weSizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC, and was general secretary of the South African Communist Party during the 1980s.
Since the end of apartheid, a number of town and geographical names in South Africa have changed. Here's a list of them.
A short history of island that housed the most notorious prison of the South African apartheid regime.
Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906 - 2001), first president of Senegal, internationally acclaimed poet, writer and statesman.
A brief introduction to the history of Ghana from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 2 - Nkrumah to Rawlings
A brief introduction to the history of Mali from the time of early humans to the present day.
What was Influx Control? African History.
Data on School Enrollment for Blacks and Whites in South Africa in 1982.
A biography in three parts of Mary Henrietta Kingsley, a Victorian explorer and writer who greatly influenced European ideas about Africa and its people. Part 1: Early Life in England
Colonel John Garang de Mabior was a Sudanese rebel leader and founder of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) which fought a 22 year civil war against the northern dominated, Islamist Sudanese Government. Was made vice president of Sudan on the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, shortly before his death.
Thomas Mboya was a Kenyan trade unionist and statesman. Earmarked as Jomo Kenyatta's successor, Mboya was assassinated six years into independence, sparking tribal unrest between Kenyatta's Kikuyu supporters and Mboya's Luo.
What was the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM)?
A map showing the location of the Republic of Zambia in Africa. Page 5.
A brief introduction to the history of Botswana from the time of early humans to the present day.
A brief history of the colonization and independence of Egypt. Page 2.
A chronology of key events in Algeria's War of Independence -- From French Colonization to the End of the 'Battle of Algiers'.
South African Apartheid Era Identity Numbers How the Apartheid Era Identity Number Recorded Racial Categories
The Islamic faith and Muslims have played a crucial role in the development of Africa, not only in North Africa and West Africa where it is still the dominant religion, but also in East Africa, where its dominance decreases as one moves south, and in Southern Africa, where it was introduced through slaves and political exiles and is most prominent today in the cities of Durban and Cape Town.
Ordinance 50 was a piece of legislation promulgated by the Cape government (South Africa) in 1828 which gave Coloureds a degree of equality with the white population that had been previously denied.
Statistics for Trans-Atlantic Slave Exports by Region. Page 3.
A Timeline of Key Apartheid Events from 1912 to 1959.
A chronology of key events in Algeria's history
Statistics for Trans-Atlantic Slave Imports by Region. Page 2.
Unsure what Grand Apartheid was? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
A brief introduction to the history of Sudan from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Kingdoms to Independence
Timeline for the Suez Canal Crisis: suez canal zone hassan el banna son farouk caliph of islam king farouk
A short biography of Chris Hani, South African political activist, chief-of-staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, and Secretary-General of the South African Communist Party, assassinated in April 1993.
A chronology of key events in Tanzania's history: vasco da gama john hanning speke lake tanganika lettow vorbeck german protectorate
The Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act No 26 of 1970 required that all South African Blacks become citizens of one of the self-governing territories. Find out more
Two thousand years ago the first of several waves colonists swept into South Africa. In the first of these waves, the pastoralist Khoikhoi moved down into the western and southern coastal regions - pushing the hunter-gatherer San inland.
The Jameson Raid was an ineffective attempt to overthrow President Paul Kruger of the Transvaal Republic in December 1895.
A biography of Antonio Agostinho Neto - doctor, poet and first president of Angola.
What was the Banning? African History.
A brief introduction to the history of Mauritius from the time of early colonization to the present day.
The way in which we divide the day into hours and minutes, as well as the structure and length of the yearly calendar, owes much to pioneering developments in ancient Egypt. Page 2.
A brief introduction to the history of Swaziland from the time of early humans to the present day.
A list of when various African countries joined the Commonwealth of Nations.
A chronicle of events in African history on 24 September
A brief introduction to the history of Tunisia from the time of early humans to the present day.
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A list of the leaders of Kenya since gaining independence on 12 December 1963.
An apartheid notice on a beach in 1976 near Cape Town, denoting the area for whites only. Page 4.