1. Education

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:

http://africanhistory.about.com/popular.htm

was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

African History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Which 2 African Countries Were Never Actually...
There are two countries in Africa which are considered to never have been colonized. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate.
What Was the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade?
A brief review of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, with particular reference to the triangular trade and recent statistics.
What Everyone Should Know About African Slavery
Although slavery has been practiced for almost the whole of recorded history, the vast numbers involved in the African slave trade has left a legacy which can not be ignored.
What is Pan-Africanism?
How has Pan-Africanism developed over the last couple of centuries into a socio-political movement?
What Is ECOWAS, and what countries are members?
ECOWAS was created in 1975 to promote economic integration and has evolved into a regional group with legislative, economic, and military functions.
What Led Up to the Colonial Scramble for Africa?
Why was Africa so rapidly colonized?
Chronological List of African Independence
A Chronological List of Independence Dates for Africa.   Country Independence Date Prior ruling country
Why Idi Amin Dada Was Known as the 'Butcher of...
Idi Amin, who became known as the 'Butcher of Uganda' for his brutal, despotic rule whilst president of Uganda in the 1970s, is possibly the most notorious of all Africa's post-independence dictators. Find out more in this biography.
What Role Did Islam Play in African Slavery?
When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?
What Are Political Institutions?
What are Political Institutions?
Colors of Ancient Egypt
Color in Ancient Egypt. African History.
4 Types of Slavery in Africa
Types of Slavery in Africa - What Kinds of Slavery Existed in Africa?
Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade
A Gallery of Images of African Slavery and the Slave Trade
Origins of the trans-Atlantic slave trade
Portuguese exploration and trade: 1450-1500.
Apartheid Legislation in South Africa -- The...
South Africa used legislation to implement the segregation of its black population. Here is a descriptive list of the key Apartheid laws enacted by the National Party government.
A Brief History of Ghana - Part 1
A brief introduction to the history of Ghana from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Early Kingdoms to Independence
What Caused the Mau Mau Rebellion in Kenya?
The Mau Mau were a militant African nationalist movement active in Kenya during the 1950s whose main aim was to remove British rule and European settlers from the country.
When and How Did Apartheid Come to an End in...
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Question: Apartheid
Southern African Independence
A chronology of colonization and independence.
What Was the Mfecane?
A explanation of the term Mfecane and why the subject is controversial.
Adinkra Symbology and its Origins
The Origin and Meaning of Adinkra Symbols.
Who Was Nelson Mandela?
A biography of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.
How Slaves Were Traded from Africa to the...
Information on how many slaves were shipped from Africa across the Atlantic to the Americas during the sixteenth century can only be estimated as very few records exist for this period. But from the seventeenth century onwards, increasingly accurate records, such as ship manifests, are available.
Moving Quotes from Julius Kambarage Nyerere
A Selection of Quotes by Julius Kambarage Nyerere
The Legacy of Jomo Kenyatta, the First...
First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Born into dominant Kikuyu culture, Kenyatta became its most famous interpreter of Kikuyu traditions through his book Facing Mount Kenya. Part 1 of his biography, from his early days to his political awakening.
Text of the Freedom Charter
Freedom Charter. African History.
11 Memorable Quotes by Stephen Bantu Biko
A selection of quotes by Steve Biko
What was Ujamaa?
What was Ujamaa and how did Nyerere's social and economic policy affect Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s?
What Caused a Student Uprising in Soweto in 1976?
The historical background to the June, 16 1976 protest by high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, where police fired teargas and live bullets
When Did Apartheid Start in South Africa?
Unsure when Apartheid started in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
Plans of Slave Decks, Slave Ship Brookes
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Plans of Slave Decks, Slave Ship Brookes. Page 12.
How Stephen Bantu Biko Became an Anti-Apartheid...
A short biography of Steve Biko, founder and martyr of the Black Consciousness movement in South Africa.
Exercising Slaves on a Trans-Atlantic Slave Ship
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Exercising Slaves on a Trans-Atlantic Slave Ship. Page 14.
Slave Decks on the Slave Bark Wildfire
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Slave Decks on the Slave Bark Wildfire. Page 13.
What You Should Know About Apartheid
From the Afrikaans' word for 'separation,' Apartheid was a social philosophy which enforced racial and economic segregation on the people of South Africa.
Former President of Uganda Idi Amin Dada Quotes
A selection of quotes by Idi Amin Dada, president of Uganda from 25 January 1971 to 13 April 1979.
A Brief History of the African Commonwealth of...
A list of when various African countries joined the Commonwealth of Nations.
The Afrikaans Medium Decree
The decree that Afrikaans had to be used as a language of instruction in schools contributed to the 16 June 1976 Soweto uprising in South Africa.
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland lasted for 10 years, part of Britain's approach to independence in Africa. Find out more about the federation and why it ended.
Biography: Mungo Park
Mungo Park, a Scottish surgeon and explorer, was sent out by the 'Association for Promoting the Discovery of the Interior of Africa' to discover the course of the River Niger. Having achieved a degree of fame from his first trip, carried out alone and on foot, he returned to Africa with a party of 40 Europeans, all of whom lost their lives in the adventure.
What was the Kingdom of Kush?
The Kingdom of Kush was a powerful ancient African state that lasted for 2400 years and once ruled over Egypt, .
Why These South African National Holidays Are...
The significance of South Africa's national holidays.
A Brief History of Zambia
A brief introduction to the history of Zambia from the time of early humans to the present day.
Biography: Thomas Joseph Mboya
Thomas Mboya was a Kenyan trade unionist and statesman. Earmarked as Jomo Kenyatta's successor, Mboya was assassinated six years into independence, sparking tribal unrest between Kenyatta's Kikuyu supporters and Mboya's Luo.
Issayas Afeworki, Eritrea
Image of President Issayas Afeworki of Eritrea, © IRIN. Page 2.
Inspiring Quotes from Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, lived a fascinating life. Read a selection of his most famous quotes.
What Caused the Sharpeville Massacre in South...
The Origin of South Africa's Human Rights Day
Gukurahundi
What was the Gukurahundi? African History.
Dusé Mohamed Ali
Dusé Mohamed Ali was an influential Pan-Africanist, a supporter of Islam, and traveled widely throughout the African Diaspora. He founded the 'African Times and Orient Review' in 1911, which spread the call for African nationalism, and later founded 'The Comet' in Lagos, Nigeria.
Ubuntu
What does Ubuntu mean? Find the answer to what Ubuntu means in this African History Glossary
A Brief History of Liberia - Part 1
A brief introduction to the history of Liberia from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 –Colonization to Civil War
Inspection of an African Slave
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Inspection of an African Slave. Page 9.
A Brief History of Tunisia
A brief introduction to the history of Tunisia from the time of early humans to the present day.
11 Greatest African Explorers
Over the centuries, explorers have found the allure of the unknown reaches of Africa irresistible. Find out who was who, where they went, and when.
An Atlas of African Independence
By the mid 1960's the majority of African states were free from colonial rule. Read more about each country's story in this Atlas of Independence.
Diagram of the Slave Ship Brookes
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Diagram of the Slave Ship Brookes. Page 11.
Apartheid FAQ -- Common Questions About South...
What was Apartheid? Find the answer in this FAQ.
Female East African Slave
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Female East African Slave. Page 7.
How Did Goods Get Across the Sahara in Medieval...
Between the 11th and 15th centuries West Africa was a major trading region, exporting goods to Europe, Arabia, India, and China across the Sahara Desert.
African Captives Being Sent Into Slavery
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: African Captives Being Sent Into Slavery. Page 3.
Indigenous African Slavery
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Indigenous African Slavery
Biography: Chief Albert Luthuli
A biography of Chief Albert Luthuli, Africa's first winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace and president of the ANC until his death (under mysterious circumstances) in 1967.
John Garang de Mabior
Colonel John Garang de Mabior was a Sudanese rebel leader and founder of the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) which fought a 22 year civil war against the northern dominated, Islamist Sudanese Government. Was made vice president of Sudan on the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, shortly before his death.
São Tomé and the Slave Trade
São Tomé is considered to be a principal port in the export of slaves across the Atlantic, this is, however, only part of the story.
Testing an African Slave For Sickness
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Testing an African Slave For Sickness. Page 10.
A Slave Barracoon
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Slave Barracoon. Page 6.
A Brief History of Ghana - Part 2
A brief introduction to the history of Ghana from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 2 - Nkrumah to Rawlings
Indigenous African Slavers Traveling From the...
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Indigenous African slavers Traveling From the Interior. Page 4.
A Slaver's Canoe
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: A Slaver's Canoe. Page 2.
Cape Coast Castle, Gold Coast
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Cape Coast Castle, Gold Coast. Page 5.
Seretse Khama Quotes
A selection of quotes by Seretse Khama, first president of Botswana.
Julius Kambarage Nyerere
A Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the father of Tanzania.
Apartheid Quotes - Bantu Education
Bantu Education, the separate and limited experience encountered by non-whites in South Africa when pursuing an education, was a cornerstone of the apartheid philosophy. The following quotes illustrate the diverse viewpoints about Bantu Education from both sides of the anti-Apartheid struggle.
Group Areas Act No 41 of 1950
The Group Areas Act No 41 of 1950 forced physical separation between races by creating different residential areas for different races. Find out more…
General Act of the Berlin Conference on West...
Full Text of the General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa as signed on 26 February 1885
Memorable Quotes by Nelson Mandela
A selection of quotes by Nelson Mandela
Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade: Origins of Slaves
A map showing where slaves were sourced in Africa for the trans-Atlantic slave trade and a table giving the numbers of slaves from each region.
Young African Boys Captured for Slave Trade
Image of African Slavery and the Slave Trade: Young African Boys Captured for Slave Trade. Page 8.
The Role of Islam in African Slavery
When Africans talk of slavery they inevitably mean the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Is this a true representation of the practice in Africa?
Frederick J. T. Chiluba, Zambia
Image of President Frederick J. T. Chiluba of Zambia, © IRIN. Page 4.
Where in Africa is Algeria?
A map showing the location of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in Africa.
How Sonni Ali Formed a Great African Empire
West African monarch who ruled Songhai from 1464 to 1492, expanding a small kingdom along the Niger River into one of medieval Africa's greatest empires.
Hastings Kamuzu Banda Quotes
A selection of quotes by Hastings Kamuzu Banda, first president of Malawi.
Reparations for Slavery?
There is a call for reparations to be made by the West for the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Are all the issues being considered?
Biography: Sir Seretse Khama
A biography of Sir Seretse Khama, African nationalist leader and first president of Botswana.
South African Apartheid Era Identity Numbers --...
An explanation of how the Apartheid Era Identity Number recorded racial categories in South Africa.
A Brief History of Cameroon
A brief introduction to the history of Cameroon from the time of early humans to the present day.
A Brief History of Zimbabwe - Part 2
An introduction to the history of the African nation. This part confronts the effect of nationalistic shifts and the new constitution.
Where in Africa is Zambia?
A map showing the location of the Republic of Zambia in Africa. Page 5.
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Liberia
Image of President Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf of Liberia, © Claire Soares/IRIN. Page 5.
Jomo Kenyatta
First president of Kenya and prominent independence leader. Born into dominant Kikuyu culture, Kenyatta became its most famous interpreter of Kikuyu traditions through his book Facing Mount Kenya. Part 2 of his biography, from his political awakening to the Mau Mau Rebellion.
Egypt
A brief history of the colonization and independence of Egypt. Page 2.
Apartheid Era Laws: Population Registration Act...
The Population Registration Act required South Africans to be identified and registered as belonging to one of four distinct racial groups. Find out more...
A Brief History of Morocco
2000 years of Moroccan history, from the Phoenician invasion to present day conflicts over the status of the Western Sahara.
This Day in African History: 3 July
A chronicle of events in African history on 3 July
This Day in African History: 2 July
A chronicle of events in African history on 2 July
This Day in African History: 1 July
A chronicle of events in African history on 1 July
School Enrollment in Apartheid South Africa
Data on School Enrollment for Blacks and Whites in South Africa in 1982.
Quotes: PW Botha
A selection of quotes by PW Botha.
"Wind of Change" speech
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >What was the "Wind
Biography: Joe Slovo
Joe Slovo, anti-Apartheid activist, was one of the founders of Umkhonto weSizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC, and was general secretary of the South African Communist Party during the 1980s.
Salva Kiir Mayardit
First president of the Republic of South Sudan, veteran of the Fist and Second Sudanese Civil Wars, and member of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement.
Early Christianity in North Africa Part 1
Historical Background, Factors Which Influenced the Spread Of Christianity, Christianity Reaches North Africa
Apartheid FAQ: Who Supported Apartheid?
Unsure who supported Apartheid in South Africa? Find the answer in this Apartheid FAQ.
Slave Origins for the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
Slavery Regions for the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Page 5.
Nigeria Timeline -- From Colonization to the...
A chronology of key events in Nigeria's history
Soweto Student Uprising, pt 2: Students...
On 16 June 1976 high-school students in Soweto, South Africa, protested for better education. Police fired teargas and live bullets into the marching students. Part 2: Students organize a protest.
Africa and the Commonwealth of Nations
18 countries in Africa are currently part of the Commonwealth of Nations (with Zimbabwe having departed in 2003).
Ahmed Sékou Touré
Sékou Touré was one of the foremost figures in the struggle for West African independence, the first President of Guinea, and a leading Pan-African. He was initially considered a moderate Islamic African leader, but became one of Africa's most oppressive Big Men.
Africa's 100 Best Books of the 20th Century
In February 2002 a list of Africa's Top 100 books was announced. Find out why.
Free Adinkra Stencil Collection
A collection of free stencils with an African theme. For personal, non-commercial use only.
Four African Women who are Changing the World...
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala is one of the most influential economic leaders in the world though her policies have not been universally popular.
Bayajidda
Who was Bayajidda? African History.
Kenyan Leaders Since Independence
A list of the leaders of Kenya since gaining independence on 12 December 1963.
What is Kente?
Kente cloth is the most widely known type of African cloth. It is associated with the Akan people of West Africa and each color has a particular meaning.
Nigeria Timeline -- From Prehistory to...
A chronology of key events in Nigeria's history
This Day in African History: 30 June
A chronicle of events in African history on 30 June
East African Independence
A chronology of colonization and independence.
Idi Amin Timeline
A Timeline of Key Events in the Life of Idi Amin Dada.
Ancient Egypt: Predynastic Period
The Predynastic Period of Ancient Egypt saw the development of grouped communities, the worlds first written language, institutionalised religion, and the development of the plough. Archaeologists have divided the Period into four relatively distinct phases to aid their understanding of the social, scientific, and political developments in Egypt at that time.
Nok Culture: Sub-Saharan Africa's earliest...
There are many unknowns about the ancient, West African culture of Nok, but what we know from its superb terracotta sculptures and iron working is enticing.
A Brief History of Mauritius
A brief introduction to the history of Mauritius from the time of early colonization to the present day.
Origin of HIV in Africa
Current research suggests that AIDS has been in human circulation for at least 100 years and that its transformation in to a pandemic was triggered by the European colonization of the African continent.
Photo Gallery of African Leaders
Browse through this photo gallery of African Leaders.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, Uganda
Image of President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda, © IRIN. Page 6.
What You Should Know About the History of Kenya
A brief introduction to the history of Kenya from the time of early humans to the present day.
Loi Cadre
Loi Cadre -- What was the Loi Cadre?
A Brief History of Eritrea - Part 1
A brief introduction to the history of Eritrea from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Warlords to the referendum on Independence from Ethiopia
Where in Africa is Lesotho?
A map showing the location of the Kingdom of Lesotho in Africa. Page 4.
Zulu War Vocabulary
A list of common Zulu terms relevant to the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879.
This Day in African History: 29 June
A chronicle of events in African history on 29 June
A Brief History of Ghana - Part 3
A brief introduction to the history of Ghana from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 3 - Rawlings to Present Day
Ancient Egypt: The Father Of Time
The way in which we divide the day into hours and minutes, as well as the structure and length of the yearly calendar, owes much to pioneering developments in ancient Egypt. Page 2.
Short Biography: Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu
A short biography of Walter Sisulu, anti-Apartheid activist and co-founder of the African National Congress Youth League and Umkhonto weSizwe.
How South African Place Names Have Changed
Since the end of apartheid, a number of town and geographical names in South Africa have changed. Here's a list of them.
Ahmed Sékou Touré Quotes
A Selection of Quotes by Ahmed Sékou Touré
Women's Anti-Pass Law Campaigns in South Africa
What happened when the South African government tried to force women to carry passes.
A Brief History of Sudan - Part 1
A brief introduction to the history of Sudan from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Kingdoms to Independence
What was the Black Consciousness Movement?
The Black Consciousness Movement started as a student movement and quickly became the voice and spirit of anti-Apartheid resistance in 1970s South Africa.
Apartheid Era Laws: Prohibition of Mixed...
What was the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act No 55 of 1949?
Soweto Uprising 1976 Image Gallery
A gallery of images of the 16 June 1975 Soweto Uprising.
Léopold Sédar Senghor: a brief...
Léopold Sédar Senghor (1906 - 2001), first president of Senegal, internationally acclaimed poet, writer and statesman.
Timbuktu: The El Dorado of Africa
Timbuktu is widely used to describe a place extremely far away and regarded by many as a myth. In reality it's a city in Mali, West Africa, of such great historical importance that in 1988 it was designated a World Heritage Site.
Biography of the Zulu King Cetshwayo kaMpande
Biography of Cetshwayo kaMpande, the last king of an independent Zulu nation (1872-1879). Part 1: Heir to the throne
Biography: Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, Liberia's...
Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, described by some of her rivals as an Americo-Liberian, the descendant of Liberia's ex-American-slave colonists, has reached the pinnacle o her political career. Awaiting the results of an investigation into alleged (by her main political rival George Weah) election fraud, Johnson-Sirleaf could become Africa's first elected woman president. Find out more…
A Brief History of Lesotho
A brief introduction to the history of Lesotho from the time of early humans to the present day.
Tanzania Timeline -- Timeline of the History of...
A chronology of key events in Tanzania's history
Union Of South Africa
The politicking behind the scenes for the formation of the Union of South Africa allowed the foundations of Apartheid to be laid.
West African Independence
A chronology of colonization and independence.

©2015 About.com. All rights reserved.