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The republic of Tunisia achieved independence from France on 20 March 1956. Its history, however, is one of occupation – by the Phoenicians, the Romans, Byzantine, Arab, and Ottoman empires, and then by the French in 1883. It was also briefly under Axis control during World War II.

A Brief History of Tunisia
A brief introduction to the history of Tunisia from the time of early humans to the present day.

Background Notes: Tunisia
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Tunisia. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defence, and relations with the US.

Tunisia History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Tunisia’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanise your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travellers.

Tunisia - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Tunisia. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Tunisia’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Tunisia from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Tunisia given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Tunisia
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Tunisia's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Tunisia's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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