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The mainland of Tanzania became a German colony called Tanganyika in 1884 whilst the Sultanate of Zanzibar became a British Protectorate in 1890. Tanganyika became a British mandated territory in 1918 and achieved independence in 1961. In 1963 Zanzibar achieved independence, and a year later formed a union with Tanganyika under the new name of Tanzania.

Tanzania Timeline
A chronology of key events in Tanzania's history

Leaders of Tanzania Since Independence
A list of Tanzanian leaders since gaining independence on 9 December 1961.

Julius Kambarage Nyerere
A Biography of Julius Kambarage Nyerere, the father of Tanzania.

Julius Kambarage Nyerere Quotes
A Selection of Quotes by Julius Kambarage Nyerere

Background Notes: Tanzania
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Tanzania. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defense, and relations with the US.

Tanzania History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Tanzania’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanize your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travelers.

Tanzania - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Tanzania. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Tanzania’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Tanzania from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Tanzania given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Tanzania
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Tanzania's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Tanzania's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

What was Ujamaa?
What was Ujamaa and how did Nyerere's social and economic policy affect Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s?

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