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São Tomé and Príncipe

The islands were claimed to be uninhabited when Portuguese colonists arrived. The very fertile soil was used for cocoa plantations. In 1972 a liberation movement was recognized by the UN, and independence was reached in 1975.

A Brief History of São Tomé and Príncipe
A brief introduction to the history of São Tomé and Príncipe from the time of early settlement to the present day.

São Tomé and the Slave Trade
São Tomé is considered to be a priciple port used for the export of slaves across the Altantic, but this is only part of the story. The total number of slaves exported from São Tomé to the Caribbean (in the mid-sixteenth century) is almost equal to the total number shipped to trans-Saharan traders along the Gold Coast at the beginning of the sixteenth century.

Background Notes: São Tomé and Príncipe
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on São Tomé and Príncipe. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defense, and relations with the US.

São Tomé and Príncipe History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of São Tomé and Príncipe’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanize your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travelers.

São Tomé and Príncipe - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of São Tomé and Príncipe. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of São Tomé and Príncipe’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for São Tomé and Príncipe from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of São Tomé and Príncipe given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: São Tomé and Príncipe
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

São Tomé and Príncipe's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of São Tomé and Príncipe's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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