1911, 1 November
Italy performs first aerial bombing on Tanguira oasis in Libya.
1954, 1 November
Nationalist rioters led by Ahmed Ben Bella (based in Cairo) have wreaked destruction across the Algerian district of Aures.
1959, 1 November
Patrice Lumumba, Congolese nationalist, is arrested following two nights of unrest.
1991, 1 November
President Kenneth Kaunda is defeated by Frederick Chiluba in the Zambia's first multi-party elections for 23 years.