1. Education

Mozambique

Once a Portuguese colony, Mozambique achieved independence in 1975 following a 12 year struggle by FRELIMO (and a military coup). Under the Marxist, single-party FRELIMO government, Mozambique was embroiled in a 16 year civil war with the opposition party RENAMO, who were originally sponsored by the white Rhodesian government and then the South African apartheid government. A peace deal was signed between the two parties in 1992, and multi-party elections held in 1994.

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 1
From Prehistory to the Start of the 19th Century

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 2
From Start of the 19th Century to Founding of FRELIMO (25 June 1962)

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 3
From Founding of FRELIMO (25 June 1962) to FRELIMO Adopts Marxist-Leninist policies (March 1977)

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 4
From FRELIMO Adopts Marxist-Leninist Policies (March 1977) to Death of President Samora Machel (19 October 1986)

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 5
From Death of President Samora Machel (19 October 1986) to FRELIMO Drops Maxist-Leninist Policy (30 July 1989)

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 6
From FRELIMO Drops Maxist-Leninist Policy (30 July 1989) to Assassination of Carlos Cardoso (22 November 2000)

Mozambique Timeline -- Part 7
From Assassination of Carlos Cardoso (22 November 2000) to Present Day

A Brief History of Mozambique - Part 1
A brief introduction to the history of Mozambique from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 1 - Indigenous Peoples to Independence

A Brief History of Mozambique - Part 2
A brief introduction to the history of Mozambique from the time of early humans to the present day. Part 2 – Civil War to the Present Day

Gaza Kingdom
Where was the Gaza Kingdom.

Background Notes: Mozambique
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Mozambique. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defence, and relations with the US.

Mozambican History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Mozambique’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanise your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travellers.

Mozambique - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Mozambique. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Mozambique’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Mozambique from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Mozambique given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Mozambique
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Mozambique's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Mozambique's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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