1. Education


Once the home to a major trans-Saharan empire based on the trade of salt and gold, this area was colonized by the French in the 1880's. Complete independence was achieved on 22 September 1960 - after initially being federated with Senegal from 20 June 1960 to 20 August 1960. Find out more about Mali with these resources…

Timbuktu: The El Dorado of Africa
Timbuktu is widely used to describe a place extremely far away and regarded by many as a myth. In reality it's a city in Mali, West Africa, of such great historical importance that in 1988 it was designated a World Heritage Site.

Background Notes: Mali
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Mali. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defence, and relations with the US.

Mali History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Mali’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanise your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travellers.

Mali - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Mali. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Mali’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Mali from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Mali given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Mali
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Mali's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Mali's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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