1. Education


After increasing contact with Europeans from the 15th century, Madagascar became a French colony in 1895. Following the Second World War there was increasing tension in the country, with civil uprisings resulting in French troops killing thousands. Independence was achieved in 1960.

Background Notes: Madagascar
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Madagascar. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defense, and relations with the US.

Madagascar - Library of Congress Country Studies
The Library of Congress Country Study for Madagascar provides an excellent and fairly detailed history of the country. This information was originally compiled for the US Department of Army in case of potential deployment -- examining the historical, social, economic, and political background the country. (The only problem with this site is the awkwardness of navigating so many pages.)

Madagascar History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Madagascar’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanize your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travelers.

Madagascar - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Madagascar. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Madagascar’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Madagascar from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Madagascar given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Madagascar
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Madagascar's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Madagascar's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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