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Timeline: Mau Mau Rebellion

April 1954 to present day


11 April 1954
British authorities in Kenya admit that the 'General China operation' revealed previously to the Kenyan legislature has failed.

24 April 1954
Over 40,000 Kikuyu tribesmen are arrested by British forces, including 5000 Imperial troops and 1000 Policemen, during a widespread, coordinated dawn raids.

26 May 1954
The Treetops Hotel, where Princess Elizabeth and her husband were staying when they heard of King George VI's death and her succession to the throne of England, is burnt down by Mau Mau activists.

18 January 1955
The Governor-general of Kenya, Sir Evelyn Baring, offers an amnesty to Mau Mau activists -- the offer means that they will not face the death penalty, but may still be imprisoned for their crimes. European settlers are up in arms at the leniency of the offer.

21 April 1955
Unmoved by Kenya's Governor-general's, Sir Evelyn Baring, offer of amnesty the Mau Mau killings continue -- today two English schoolboys are murdered.

10 June 1955
Britain withdraws the offer of amnesty to the Mau Mau.

24 June 1955
With the amnesty withdrawn, British authorities in Kenya can proceed with the death sentence for nine Mau Mau activists implicated in the death of two English schoolboys.

October 1955
Official reports suggest that over 70,000 Kikuyu tribesmen suspected of Mau Mau membership have been imprisoned, whilst over 13,000 people have been killed (by British troops and Mau Mau activists) over the last three years of the Mau Mau Rebellion.

7 January 1956
The official death toll for Mau Mau activists killed by British forces in Kenya since 1952 is put at 10,173.

5 February 1956
Nine Mau Mau activists escape from Mageta island prison camp in Lake Victoria.

July 1959
The deaths of 11 Mau Mau activists held at Hola Camp in Kenya is cited as part of the British opposition attacks on the UK government over its role in Africa.

10 November 1959
The state of emergency is ended in Kenya.

18 January 1960
The Kenyan Constitutional Conference being held in London is boycotted by African nationalist leaders.

18 April 1961
In return for the release of Jomo Kenyatta, African nationalist leaders agree to take a role in Kenya's government.

14 July 1961
Jomo Kenyatta, now aged 71, is finally released from house arrest in Gatundu, 22 kilometres outside Nairobi.

21 August 1961
All restrictions on Jomo Kenyatta's movements are lifted following his release from prison last month.

27 May 1963
Jomo Kenyatta is elected prime minister in Kenya's first multi-racial elections.

12 December 1963
Kenya becomes the 34th African state to achieve independence.

16 December 1963
General amnesty is announced for Mau Mau activists.

12 December 1964
Kenya is declared a republic. Jomo Kenyatta is to be its first president.

1 September 2003
After more than 50 years the Mau Mau, who fought for independence in Kenya, is finally unbanned.

This article fist published as http://africanhistory.about.com/library/bl/Mau-Mau-Timeline.htm in July 2004.

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