1941, 23 June World War II: North Africa
Tobruk is bombed by the German and Italian air forces.
1956, 23 June
General Nasser (Khalid Gamal`Abd an-Nasir) is officially elected president of Egypt - although he has been the effective leader of Egypt since 14 Nov 1954 in the role of Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council.
1960, 23 June
In preparation for Zaire's independence from Belgium on 30 June (formally Belgisch Congo and Congo Free State) Patrice Lumumba becomes the country's first prime minister.
1976, 23 June
Angola's application to become a member of the United Nations Security Council is vetoed by the US.