1941, 30 January - World War II: North Africa
The 6th Australian Division, of Lieutenant-General Dick O'Connor's XIII Corps, takes Derna, Libya, after three days of fierce fighting.
1952, 30 January
Martial law is imposed in Egypt as King Farouk dismisses the premier Nahas Pasha and his Wafdist government.
1981, 30 January
Garth Barrett's raiders, part of the South African Recce Operations, attack supposed MK cadres at Matola, Mozambique. A Portuguese engineer, Jose Ramos, is "mistakenly identified" as Joe Slovo, one of the raids main targets, by the South African forces and is shot at a roadblock.