Fourteen of the sounds are similar to those of the English alphabet: b, d, f, g, h, k, m, n, p, r, s, t, w, and y.
The remaining ten sounds are not normally made in spoken English, and require special transliteration symbols.
The standard order of hieroglyph transliteration symbols, as used in vocabularies for example, is: ɜ, ỉ, y, c, w, b, p, f, m, n, r, h, ḥ, ḫ, ẖ, s, š, ḳ, k, g, t, ṯ, d, and ḏ.
See the table below for the sounds associated with the special translation characters.
|Special Transliteration Symbols and their Sounds|
|ɜ||aleph||a||Believed to have been a GLOTTERAL STOP, a sharp "uh" sound made in the throat. Think of the way a Cockney says the word bottle: "bo'tle".|
|ỉ||yogh||i or y||Technically a weak consonant rather than a vowel, it may not have even been spoken. Treat it as a soft "y", as in the word "yes".|
|c||ayin||a||Believed to have been a GUTTERAL A, an "ah" sound made deep in the throat.|
|ḥ||emphatic h||h||An "h" sound made in the throat rather than the front of the mouth.|
|ḫ||third h||kh||A "ch" sound as made in the Scottish pronunciation of the word "loch".|
|ẖ||fourth h||kh||A "ch" sound as made in the German word "ich". This is probably impossible to differentiate for normal English speakers from the version above.|
|š||shin||sh||A "sh" sound made as in the word "ship".|
|ḳ||emphatic k||k or q||An emphatic "k" or "q", made at the back of the throat.|
|ṯ||second t||tj||A "tj" sound, as made in the word "tune"|
|ḏ||second d||dj||A "dj" sound, as made in the word "joke".|
|Hieroglyph Transliteration Characters, first published November 2005, republished July 2010.|