Pied-Noir (French meaning 'black foot') is the name given to French settlers in Algeria before independence in 1962. Technically a Pied-Noir included settlers from Spain, and Italy too, as well as the descendants of European settlers in Algeria.
The name Pied-Noir became common in the 1950s (particularly during the Algerian War of Independence,), French settlers had called themselves 'Algerian' prior to this, with the indigenous Muslims known simply as Indigène or Musulman. The Pied-Noir opposed the indigenous nationalist groups, such as the Front de Libération Nationale (FLN, National Liberation Front) and the Mouvement National Algérien (MNA, Algerian National Movement).
Pied-Noirs were also known as Colons.