Operation Murambatsvina ('Operation Drive Out Rubbish', though officially known as 'Operation Restore Order') was a government clean-up campaign aimed at removing shanty towns, slums, and illegal markets in Harare and other towns in Zimbabwe. The campaign started in May 2005 and continued for several months. More than 700,000 people were displaced in what was seen as many as a crack down on supporters of the opposition party the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). More than 22,000 people were arrested during the initial stages.
The displaced were told to return to rural areas or face arrest (or worse, since some protesters were allegedly taken by Zimbabwe's Central Intelligence Organization).
The operation met with considerable international condemnation as well as internal criticism from Zimbabwean church groups, non-governmental organizations, and the MDC.