The Mouvement National Algérien (MNA, Algerian National Movement) was an organization founded by Messali Hadj as an alternative to the main Algerian nationalist movement Front de Libération Nationale (FLN, National Liberation Front). The MNA received support, and some funding, from the French government who held it as proof that not all Algerian Muslims wanted to pursue a violent agenda towards independence.
The Algerian War of Independence began on 1 November 1954. Messali Hadj had been ignored during the planning stage, and he reacted by creating the MNA to oppose the FLN. Both the MNA and FLN had armed wings, and they fought each other during the early years of the War of Independence -- both in Algeria and in France (the 'café wars'). The FLN eventually gained the advantage and by the time independence was achieved the MNA had disbanded.