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Bicameral Parliament



Bicameral means two (bi-) chamber (cameral). A bicameral parliament therefore has two legislative chambers. Bicameral parliaments are the most common in Africa, especially those countries which have developed from French (eg Senegal) and British (eg Botswana) colonies.

Ethiopia's parliament, for example, is a bicameral Federal Parliamentary Assembly with a House of Federation (135 Seats) with members chosen by regional state councils (5-year terms) and a House of People's Representatives (547 Seats) with members elected by direct popular vote in single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post (simple majority) system (5-year terms).

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