The Black People's Convention (BPC) was established in 1972 as a political front for the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM) in South Africa. Consistent with all Black Consciousness groups in South Africa, whites were excluded from membership. The BPC followed their own agenda of 'black communism', land restitution, and guerrilla warfare against the Apartheid government.
Under the leadership of Steve Biko, the BPC's first president, the BPC also initiated cultural and health education programs, a literacy campaign, and various community projects.
The BPC was banned by the Apartheid regime in October 1977, but was already on the wane politically. The ANC, which was successfully fielding a military wing Umkhonto we Sizwe, as well as representing the anti-Apartheid struggle internationally, had lead to disillusionment with the BPC's leadership and fragmentation of Black Consciousness groups.