1924, 12 February
Howard Carter examines the remains of Tutankhamen when the lid of the sarcophagus is lifted for the first time in 3,300 years.
1941, 12 February
Rommel arrives in North Africa for the first time, delivered to Tripoli by Heinkel bomber.
1949, 12 February
Muslim Brotherhood leader, Hassan el Banna, is shot to death probably by the Egyptian government's security branch.
1953, 12 February
Britain and Egypt sign new treaty. Sudan to have independence within three years.
1961, 12 February
Congolese leader Patrice Emery Lumumba becomes a Pan-Africanism martyr following his murder by Moïse Kapenda Tshombe's forces in Elizabethville (now Lumumbashi).
1979, 12 February
Nationalist guerrillas in Rhodesia shoot down an Air Rhodesia airliner with a missile, killing 59 people.