1. Education

Ethiopia

Africa's oldest independent country which, except for a four-year occupation by Mussolini's Italy at the end of the 1930s, has never been colonised. Famous for the notable defeat of the invading Italian army at Adowa in 1896, Ethiopia inspired the rest of Africa in its path to independence.

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 1
From Prehistory to the Death of Emperor Dawit I (1413)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 2
From the Death of Dawit I (1413) to Enthronement of Emperor Fasilides (1632)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 3
From the Death of Susenyos I (1632) to Enthronement of Tewodoros II (1855)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 4
From the Enthronement of Tewodoros II (1855) to the Battle of Adowa (1896)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 5
From the Battle of Adowa (1896) to the Derg Coup (1974)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 6
From the Derg Coup (1974) to the Departure of Mengistu (1991)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 7
From the Departure of Mengistu (1991) to Independent Boundary Commission Report (2002)

Ethiopia Timeline -- Part 8
From the Independent Boundary Commission Report (2002) to the Present Day

The Ifat Sultanate
The Ifat Sultanate was a 13th to 15th century mediaeval Islamic state in what is now Ethiopia, Djibouti, and northern Somalia.

Background Notes: Ethiopia
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Ethiopia. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defense, and relations with the US.

Ethiopia - Library of Congress Country Studies
The Library of Congress Country Study for Ethiopia provides an excellent and fairly detailed history of the country. This information was originally compiled for the US Department of Army in case of potential deployment -- examining the historical, social, economic, and political background the country. (The only problem with this site is the awkwardness of navigating so many pages.)

Ethiopia History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Ethiopia’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanize your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travelers.

Ethiopia - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Ethiopia. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Ethiopia’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Ethiopia from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Ethiopia given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Ethiopia
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Ethiopia's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Ethiopia's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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