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An Atlas of African Independence

A map based chronology of colonization and independence.

By 1880 only a few intrepid European and American explorers had traveled deep into the heart of the African continent. Thirty years later, after a mad "Scramble for Africa", all but Liberia and Ethiopia had been annexed by the vast European empires.

From the early departure of the Germans under the Treaty of Versailles to the first-in-last-out stance of the Portuguese -- the struggle for independence was both long and bloody. But by the mid 60's the majority of African states were free from colonial rule. Read each country's story in the atlas below.

North Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Tunisia
Western Sahara


West Africa
Benin
Burkina
Côte d'Ivoire
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo


Central Africa
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon


East Africa
Burundi
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Rwanda
Somalia
Sudan
Tanzania
Uganda


Southern Africa
Angola
Botswana
Lesotho
Malawi
Mozambique
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
Zambia
Zimbabwe


Islands of Africa
Cape Verde
Comoros
Mauritius
Madagascar
Réunion
São Tomé and Príncipe
Seychelles


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