1. Education


From an ancient African civilisation which developed writing and agriculture, Egypt underwent several periods of foreign domination: starting with Alexander the Great in 330 BCE, cycling through the Ptolemaic Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Mamelukes, Ottoman Turks, and French, and ending up under British authority until independence was achieved in 1936.

United Arab Republic (UAR)
United Arab Republic -- the merger of Egypt and Syria from 1958 to 61.

Egypt - Library of Congress Country Studies
The Library of Congress Country Study for Egypt provides an excellent and fairly detailed history of the country. This information was originally compiled for the US Department of Army in case of potential deployment -- examining the historical, social, economic, and political background the country. (The only problem with this site is the awkwardness of navigating so many pages.)

Background Notes: Egypt
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Egypt. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defence, and relations with the US.

Egyptian History from Lonely Planet
A quirky, colloquial presentation of Egypt’s history presented by LonelyPlanet.com. Makes awfully good reading and may galvanise your interest in Africa’s regional history. Not only suitable for travellers.

Egypt - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Egypt. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa/Middle East), a photograph of Egypt’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Egypt from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Egypt given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Egypt
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Egypt's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Egypt's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

Anwar el-Sadat Quotes
A selection of quotes by Anwar el-Sadat, third president of Egypt.

Anwar el-Sadat
Renowned Egyptian statesman and soldier, served as president of Egypt from 1970 to his assassination in 1981.Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his part in the negotiations for the Egyptian-Israeli Peace Accord of 1978. Find out more about his life.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.