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DRC Timeline -- Part 6: Assassination of Laurent-Désiré Kabila to Present Day

A Chronology of Key Events in DRC

By Alistair Boddy-Evans, About.com

16 January 2001 President Laurent-Désiré Kabila is assassinated by his bodyguard.
17 January 2001 Laurent-Désiré Kabila is succeeded by his 31-year-old son Major-General Joseph Kabila, for the Alliance des Forces Démocratiques pour la Libération du Congo-Zaïre (AFDL, Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of the Congo-Zaïre).
February 2001 Laurent-Désiré Kabila meets President Paul Kagame of Rwanda in Washington. Both Rwanda and Uganda agree to pull their troops out of the Democratic Republic of the Congo under a United Nations backed plan.
May 2001 A United Nations report suggests that those involved in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are intentionally prolonging the war in order to gain resources: diamonds, gold and coltan, as well as timber.
6 July 2001 Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Nigeria, and São Tomé and Príncipe found the Gulf of Guinea Commission to strengthen ties between the four countries and prevent further conflict.
20 August 2001 Peace talks held in Gaberone, Botswana, between warring parties form the Democratic Republic of the Congo. President Festus Gontebanye Mogae of Botswana and President Frederick Chiluba of Zambia acted as mediators.
2002 Joseph Kabila founds the Parti du Peuple pour la Reconstruction et la Démocratie (PPRD, People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy).
January 2002 Mount Nyiragongo erupts causing devastation around Goma.
April 2002 President Joseph Kabila and representatives of the Ugandan backed rebel group, Mouvement de Libération Congolais (MLC, Congolese Liberation Movement), sign a peace agreement and power sharing deal. The Rwandan backed Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie (RCD, Rally for Congolese Democracy), however, reject any suggestion of an agreement.
July 2002 The Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of Rwanda sign a peace accord.
September 2002 The Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of Uganda sign a peace accord.
October 2002 Under the peace accords signed earlier this year, Uganda and Rwanda claim that the majority of their troops have withdrawn from the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
December 2002 A peace deal is signed in South Africa by the DRC government and rebel groups. Under the deal, rebel and opposition activists are to be given ministerial posts.
April 2003 President Joseph Kabila brings in a transitional constitution. An interim parliament will be created by August.
June 2002 A coup attempt is neutralized.
December 2004 Fighting between the Congolese army and pro-Rwandan rebels erupts in the east. Rwanda denies involvement.
May 2005 A new constitution is adopted by the DRC government.
September 2005 Uganda uses the excuse of an incursion by the Lord's Resistance Army into the Democratic Republic of the Congo from Sudan to warn that it may send its own troops in as well.
November 2005 After eight years in exile in the Republic of Congo, former Zaïrean troops return to the DRC.
December 2005 A ruling by the International Court of Justice says that Uganda should compensate the DRC for resources pillaged during the conflict between 2998 and 2003.
February 2006 New constitution is adopted (As well as a new national flag).
May 2006 United Nations peacekeepers and the Congolese army displace thousands in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo as they attempt to disarm rebels ahead of elections.
Early 2006 The UN-backed Congolese army clashes with rebel forces lead by General Laurent Nkunda in North Kivu province. The conflict causes the UN Security Council to express its concern.
30 Dec 2006 Antoine Gizenga becomes prime minister, for the Parti Lumumbiste Unifié (PALU, Unified Lumumbist Party). Gizenga had come third in the first round of the 2006 presidential elections, backed the incumbent Joseph Kabila in the runoffs, and was rewarded with the post of PM as a result. The international community expresses approval for the election process.
March 2007 Congolese government troops clash with rebel forces loyal to opposition leader Jean-Paul Bemba around the caputal Kinshasa.
April 2007 Communauté Économique des Pays des Grand Lacs (CEPGL, Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries) reinstituted by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi (it had previously been created in September 1976).
April 2007 Opposition leader Jean-Paul Bemba departs the DRC for Portugal after failing to reach any agreement with the government. He had been granted safe passage by the South African embassy.
May 2007 United Nations peacekeepers are accused of arms and gold trafficking in the Ituri region,
September 2007 Ebola outbreak.
January 2008 General Laurent Nkunda, the Tutsi warlord based in North Kivu, is amongst the rebels who ahs signed a peace pact with the government.
April 2008 Rwandan Hutu militia and the Congolese army clash in eastern Congo.
August 2008 General Laurent Nkunda's rebels clash with the Congolese army.
25 September 2008 Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga announces his resignation from the post on the grounds of age and health. He remains, however, the leader of the Parti Lumumbiste Unifié (PALU, Unified Lumumbist Party)
10 October 2008 Adolphe Muzito, who had served as Budget Minister under Antoine Gizenga, becomes prime minister for Parti Lumumbiste Unifié (PALU, Unified Lumumbist Party).
October 2008 President Joseph Kabila's government accuses Rwanda of backing the Tutsi Warlord, Laurent Nkunda, and his rebels.
January 2009 The Rwandan military joins the Congolese army in an operation against Tutsi rebels lead by General Laurent Nkunda.
Tutsi Warlord Laurent Nkunda is displaced by Bosco Ntaganda and later arrested in Rwanda.
April 2009 Hutu rebels return after end of joint operation by Congolese army and Rwandan military.
June 2009 Ex-Vice President Jean-Paul Bemba is called to stand trial for war crimes, for his forces actions in the Central African Republic in 2002-3, by the International Criminal Court.
August 2009 Continuing operation of the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC, Mission de l'Organisation des Nations Unies en République Démocratique du Congo), which started on 30 November 1999, is said to be having a positive effect against Rwandan backed rebels according to its head, Alan Doss. MONUC's mandate is extended for several more months.
May 2010 President Joseph Kabila's government asks for MONUC peacekeepers to be withdrawn before elections in 2011.
June 2010 Start of a three month operation against Ugandan backed Allied Democratic Forces-National Army for the Liberation of Uganda (ADF-NALU) rebels in North Kivu province, As a result of Operation Rwenzori, almost a hundred thousand people flee the region.
1 July 2010 MONUC renamed the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO, Mission de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en République Démocratique du Congo).
October 2010 The killing of Hutus in the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1993 and 2003 is cited as a 'crime of genocide' by a United Nations report. Angola, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zimbabwe are implicated.
November 2010 Another United Nations report (see May 2001) suggests that those involved in the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are encouraging the fighting as a cover for smuggling minerals and poaching.
Ex-Vice President Jean-Paul Bemba goes on trial at the International Criminal Court for war crimes.
Paris Club scraps half of the country's debt.
January 2011 Constitutional changes are said to favor president Joseph Kabila in forthcoming elections.
February 2011 Attempted coup fails, according to DRC police.
May 2011 Ignace Murwanashyaka, a Rwandan based Hutu rebel, goes on trial for alleged crimes against humanity.
July 2011 Colonel Nyiragire Kulimushi, of the National Congolese army, surrenders to the authorities. He is accused of ordering mass rape in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
6 March 2012 Louis Alphonse Koyagialo becomes prime minister for Parti Lumumbiste Unifié (PALU, Unified Lumumbist Party).
18 April 2012 Augustin Matata Ponyo Mapon becomes prime minister for Parti Lumumbiste Unifié (PALU, Unified Lumumbist Party).
July 2012 Warlord Thomas Lubanga is the first to be convicted by the International Criminal Court since is was set up ten years ago. Lubanga was accused of using child soldiers during the conflict in 2002-3.
October 2012 Sanctions are to be imposed by the United Nations Security Council against leaders of the M23 rebel movement. It is said that the arms embargo was broken when Rwanda and Uganda supplied M23 with weapons and materiel.

More on the History of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Part 1: Prehistory to Beginning of Belgian Administration
Part 2: Beginning of Belgian Administration to End of Katanga Secession
Part 3: End of Katanga Secession to Rebellion in Shaba
Part 4: Rebellion in Shaba to Genocide in Neighboring Rwanda
Part 5: Genocide in Neighboring Rwanda to Assassination of Laurent-Désiré Kabila

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