||Mandinka (or Dyuola) people arrive in region, having migrated from the
||Mali Empire extends into northwest corner of Côte d'Ivoire, around
present day Odienné.
||Portuguese are the first Europeans to arrive along coast -- trading in
gold, ivory and pepper. Slave trade starts up in small scale by local
chiefs bring Africans from the interior.
||First French missionaries arrive in region.
||Baoulé kingdom established around Sakasso by Akan group fleeing the
||French trading posts begin to develop along coast.
||Trading rights along coast are negotiated by French admiral, Bouët-Willaumez,
with local chiefs -- coastal regions now under French protectorate.
||Following defeat in the Franco-Prussion war, France withdraws much of
its military from Côte d'Ivoire, leaving it open to commercial
||Samouri Touré's Wassoulou Empire extends into northern Côte d'Ivoire.
||France's interest in Côte d'Ivoire acknowledged by the Berlin
||France takes direct control of costal trading posts.
||Protectorate agreement reached between Lieutenant Louis Gustave Binger,
for France, and local chiefs.
||Lieutenant Louis Gustave Binger completes a two year journey through the
interior of Côte d'Ivoire . Additional protectorate agreements are
reached with local chiefs.
||Border agreement reached with Liberia.
||Border agreement reached with British colony Gold Coast (now Ghana).
|10 March 1893
||France creates colony of Côte d'Ivoire. Captain Louis Gustave Binger
||Samouri Touré's forces destroy the city of Kong, in north Côte
||Present borders of Côte d'Ivoire fixed.
|29 September 1898
||Samouri Touré captured and exiled to Gabon.
||Development of plantations and cash crops.
||Côte d'Ivoire is now part of the Federation of French West Africa (Afrique
||French military occupation of Côte d'Ivoire finalized.
||Abe people, in southern Côte d'Ivoire, rebel.
||Indigenous peoples rebel when France attempts to conscript them for WWI.
||Significant parts of French colony of Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) are
added to Côte d'Ivoire.
||Félix Houphouët-Boigny, along with August Denise, form the Syndicat
Agricole Africain (SAA, African Agricultural Syndicate).
||Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (RDA, African Democratic
||Côte d'Ivoire and Upper Volta once again separated.
||Côte d'Ivoire begins internal self-government as a republic within the
|1 May 1959
||Houphouët-Boigny became prime minister of Côte d'Ivoire.
|7 August 1960
||Independence from France, Félix Houphouët-Boigny becomes president.
||Attempted military coup is put down.
||Côte d'Ivoire develops oil extraction industry.
||Military coup is put down.
||Military coup is put down.
||Agricultural recession has significant affect on economy -- national
debt begins to grow.
||Félix Houphouët-Boigny declares capital to move from Abidjan to his
home city of Yamoussoukro.
||Price of cocoa falls internationally by 50%, economy once again hit
||Félix Houphouët-Boigny has world's largest Catholic basilica built at
||New constitution introduced.
||First multi-party national elections held, Félix Houphouët-Boigny wins
comfortably against Laurent Gbagbo of the Front Populaire Ivoirien(FPI,
Ivorian Popular Front).
||Félix Houphouët-Boigny dies. Succeded by Henri Konan Bédié.
||Henri Konan Bédié wins general elections, but some opposition parties
were barred from taking part, others boycotted the election.
||Henri Konan Bédié overthrown by military coup led by General Robert Guéi.
Bédié flees to France.
||Laurent Gbagbo (FPI) elected president, defeating incumbent Guéi who had
proclaimed himself president after 'winning' the presidential election.
Alassane Ouattara, an opposition leader who was barred form running for
the presidency calls for fresh elections. Fighting erupts between
followers of Ouattara (mostly from the Muslim north) and Gbagbo (from the
Christian south). Quattara goes into exile in France.
||International media reveal stories of Côte d'Ivoire cocoa farmers using
migrant child laborers as slaves labor.
||Coup attempt against Laurent Gbagbo fails.
||Talks begin between Gbagbo and Quattara's parties.They agree to work for
||Alassane Ouattara returns from France.
||As part of the reconciliation, four ministerial posts are given to
members of Quattara's Rassemblement des Républicains (RDR, Rally
of the Republicans) party.
|19 September 2002
||Military mutiny in Abidjan. Mouvement Patriotique de Côte d'Ivoire
(MPCI, Patriotic Movement of Côte d'Ivoire) rebels seize control in north
||Major rebellion develops out of military uprising.
||Peace finally agreed between President Gbagbo and rebel groups in Paris.
||Ceremony at Presidential palace declares war is over.
||Mercenary team detained in France, said to be planning to assassinate
||Opposition rally against President Gbagbo is met with violence. First UN
||Ivorian air force attacks rebel bases. Nine French soldiers are killed
in an attack. Anti-French protests erupt around the country. Arms embargo
imposed by UN.
||Peacekeeping talks held in South Africa between government and rebels.
||Gbagbo applies a new law which allows him to stay in power, thus halting
plans for an election. The UN backs him up, extending his mandate for
|7 December 2005
||Charles Konan Banny, an economist, it is hoped that he will negotiate
disarmament with the rebels and arrange new elections for 2006.
||President Gbagbo's own militias fail to disarm according to schedule.
||Toxic waste dumped in Abidjan.
||Transitional government's mandate extended for yet another year by the
||Power sharing deal signed between President Gbagbo and rebels.
|4 April 2007
||Guillaume Kigbafori Soro, formally of the MPCI, now leader of the Forces
Nouvelles de Côte d'Ivoire (FN, Côte d'Ivoire New Forces) made prime
||Militia's finally begin to disarm.
||Rocket attack on plane carrying Prime Minister Soro.
||Sanctions to continue for at least one more year say UN.
||8,000 UN peacekeepers to watch over Côte d'Ivoire until new elections.
||Ten are arrested for suspected coup attempt.
||Rebels in northern Côte d'Ivoire begin to disarm.
||UN sanctions and arms embargo extended yet again. UN says it will review
once presidential elections have taken place.
||President Gbagbo and Prime Minister Soro postpone presidential elections
||Election date of 29 November is announced.
||Presidential elections postponed yet again.