1. Education


From the 16th century Urundi was ruled by the minority Tutsi with the majority Hutu as their serfs. It was merged with Rwanda and controlled by Germany, as Deutsche Ostafrika, from 1884 and then transferred to Belgium in 1919. In 1946 it became a UN trust territory, split from Rwanda in 1959, and gained full independence on 1 July 1962.

Background Notes: Burundi
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Burundi. Also included is a range of political, economic, and geographical data, as well as information on its people, defence, and relations with the US.

Burundi - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Burundi. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Burundi’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Burundi from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Burundi given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Burundi
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Burundi's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Burundi's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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