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Algeria

The Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria achieved independence on 3 July 1962, after 130 years of French rule. The country has had a bloody history -- both through the National Liberation Front's fight against the French colonial administration and with the current struggle between the country's military and Islamic militants.

Algeria Timeline -- Timeline of Algeria from Prehistory to Colonization
A chronology of key events in Algeria's history

Algeria Timeline -- Timeline of Algeria from Colonization to Independence
A chronology of key events in Algeria's history

Algeria Timeline -- Timeline of Algeria from Independence to State of Emergency
A chronology of key events in Algeria's history

Algeria Timeline -- Timeline of Algeria from State of Emergency to Present Day
A chronology of key events in Algeria's history

Rustamid State
Rustamid State -- Mediaeval Islamic Kingdom

Timeline of the Algerian War of Independence -- Part 1
A chronology of key events in Algeria's War of Independence -- From French Colonization to the End of the 'Battle of Algiers'.

Timeline of the Algerian War of Independence -- Part 2
A chronology of key events in Algeria's War of Independence -- End of the 'Battle of Algiers to Independence.

Sétif Massacre
Sétif Massacre -- one of the main causes of the Algerian War of Independence

Battle of Philippeville -- 20 August 1955
The Battle of Philippeville was the first major engagement of the Algerian War of Independence.

Blum-Viollette Proposal
The failure of the Blum-Viollette Proposal of 1936 was a significant trigger for the Algerian War of Independence.

Fellegha
Fellegha is an Algerian word especially related to the Algerian War of Independence.

Harkis
Harkis is an Algerian word introduced during the Algerian War of Independence.

Pied-Noir
Pied-Noir is a French term of particular significance to the Algerian War of Independence.

Wilaya
Wilaya is an Algerian word introduced during the Algerian War of Independence.

Ferhat Abbas
Ferhat Abbas, nationalist leader in Algeria.

Messali Hadj
Messali Hadj was a nationalist leader in Algeria, founder of three political movements, and opposed the violent extremism of the FLN.

Organisation Spéciale, OS
Secret paramilitary organization in the French colony of Algeria

Mouvement National Algérien
Mouvement National Algérien was an Algerian Nationalist Movement founded by Messali Hadj.

Évian Accords
The Évian Accords signaled the end of the Franco-Algerian War.

Algeria - Library of Congress Country Studies
The Library of Congress Country Study for Algeria provides an excellent and fairly detailed history of the country. This information was originally compiled for the US Department of Army in case of potential deployment -- examining the historical, social, economic, and political background the country. (The only problem with this site is the awkwardness of navigating so many pages.)

Background Notes: Algeria
A useful potted history is included with these US Department of State Background Notes on Algeria. Also provided is a range of political, economic, and geographical data as well as information on its people, defence, and relations with the US.

Algeria - a Country Profile from the BBC
An extremely brief historical overview accompanies this BBC Country Profile of Algeria. Of particular interest are the simplified regional map (see where the country is in Africa), a photograph of Algeria’s current Chief of State, and details about the countries media.

Timeline for Algeria from the BBC
A chronology of important events in the history of Algeria given by year (and for more recent events by month also).

CIA World Fact Book: Algeria
A useful map and a range of geographical, political, and economic facts which are mostly up-to-date. Unfortunately this country profile lacks historical information (except for independence date), but the population statistics are probably the best available.

Algeria's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers
Updated weekly, this list of Algeria's Chief of State and Cabinet Ministers is provided by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States of America.

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