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Timeline: Suez Crisis
Events leading up to the Tripartite Invasion of 1956.
  The Suez Crisis  
MonthDate Event
Feb 28 Egypt is declared a sovereign state by Britain.
Mar 15 Sultan Faud appoints himself King of Egypt.
Mar 16 Egypt achieves independence.
May 7 Britain is angered over Egyptian claims to sovereignty over Sudan.
Apr 28 Faud dies and his 16-year-old son, Farouk, becomes King of Egypt.
Aug 26 Draft of Anglo-Egyptian Treaty is signed. Britain is allowed to maintain a garrison of 10,000 men in the Suez Canal Zone, and is given effective control of Sudan.
May 2 King Farouk is declared the spiritual leader, or Caliph, of Islam.
Sept 23 Egyptian government demands complete British withdrawal and the cession of Sudan.
May 24 British premier Winston Churchill says the Suez Canal will be in danger if Britain withdraws from Egypt.
May 14 Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel by David Ben-Gurion in Tel Aviv.
May 15 Start of the first Arab-Israeli War.
Dec 28 Egyptian premier Mahmoud Fatimy is assassinated by the Muslim Brotherhood.
Feb 12 Hassan el Banna, leader of the Muslim Brotherhood is assassinated.
Jan 3 Wafd party regains power.
Oct 8 Egyptian government announces that it will eject Britain from the Suez Canal Zone and take control of Sudan.
Oct 21 British warships arrive at Port Said, more troops are on the way.
Jan 26 Egypt is placed under martial law in response to wide-spread riots against the British.
Jan 27 Prime Minister Mustafa Nahhas is removed by King Farouk for failing to keep the peace. He is replaced by Ali Mahir.
Mar 1 The Egyptian Parliament is suspended by King Farouk when Ali Mahir resigns.
May 6 King Farouk claims to be a direct descendant of the prophet Mohammed.
July 1 Hussein Sirry is new premier.
July 23 Free Officer Movement, fearing King Farouk is about to move against them, initiate a military coup.
July 26 Military coup is successful, General Naguib appoints Ali Mahir as prime minister.
Sept 7 Ali Mahir again resigns. General Naguib takes over post of president, prime minister, minister of war and commander-in-chief of the army.
Jan 16 President Naguib disbands all opposition parties.
Feb 12 Britain and Egypt sign new treaty. Sudan to have independence within three years.
May 5 Constitutional commission recommends 5,000-year-old monarchy be ended and Egypt become a republic.
May 11 Britain threatens to use force against Egypt over Suez Canal dispute.
June 18 Egypt becomes a republic.
Sept 20 Several of King Farouk's aides are seized.
Feb 28 Nasser challenges President Naguib.
Mar 9 Naguib beats off Nasser's challenge and retains presidency.
Mar 29 General Naguib postpones plans to hold parliamentary elections.
Apr 18 For a second time, Nasser takes presidency away from Naguib.
Oct 19 Britain cedes Suez Canal to Egypt in new treaty, two year period set for withdrawal.
Oct 26 Muslim Brotherhood attempt to assassinate General Nasser.
Oct 27 Mob burns down Cairo headquarters of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Oct 29 Muslim Brotherhood is dissolved.
Nov 13 General Nasser in full control of Egypt.
Apr 27 Egypt announces plans to sell cotton to Communist China.
May 21 USSR announces it will sell arms to Egypt.
Aug 29 Israeli and Egyptian jets in fire-fight over Gaza.
Sept 27 Egypt makes a deal with Czechoslovakia - arms for cotton.
Oct 16 Egyptian and Israeli forces skirmish in El Auja.
Dec 3 Britain and Egypt sign agreement granting Sudan independence.
Jan 1 Sudan achieves independence.
Jan 16 Islam is made state religion by act of Egyptian government.
June 13 Britain gives up Suez Canal. Ends 72 years of British occupation.
June 23 General Nasser is elected president.
July 19 US withdraws financial aid for Aswan Dam project. Official reason is Egypt's increased ties to USSR.
July 26 President Nasser announces plan to nationalise Suez Canal.
July 28 Britain freezes Egyptian assets.
July 30 British Prime Minister Anthony Eden imposes an arms embargo on Egypt, and informs General Nasser that he can not have the Suez Canal.
Aug 1 Britain, France and US hold talks on escalating Suez crisis.
Aug 2 Britain mobilises armed forces.
Aug 21 Egypt says it will negotiate on Suez ownership if Britain pulls out of the Middle East.
Aug 23 USSR announces it will send troops if Egypt is attacked.
Aug 26 General Nasser agrees to five nation conference on Suez Canal.
Aug 28 Two British envoys are expelled from Egypt accused of spying.
Sept 5 Israel condemns Egypt over Suez crisis.
Sept 9 Conference talks collapse when General Nasser refuses to allow international control of the Suez Canal.
Sept 12 US, Britain, and France announce their intention to impose a Canal Users Association on management of the canal.
Sept 14 Egypt now in full control of the Suez Canal.
Sept 15 Soviet ship-pilots arrive to help Egypt run the canal.
Oct 1 A 15 nation Suez Canal Users Association is officially formed.
Oct 7 Israeli foreign minister Golda Meir says the UN failure to resolve the Suez Crisis means they must take military action.
Oct 13 Anglo-French proposal for the control of the Suez Canal is vetoed by the USSR during UN session.
Oct 29 Israel invades Sinai Peninsula.
Oct 30 Britain and France veto USSR demand for Israel-Egypt cease-fire.
Nov 2 UN Assembly finally approves a cease-fire plan for Suez.
Nov 5 British and French forces involved in airborne invasion of Egypt.
Nov 7 UN Assembly votes 65 to 1 that invading powers should quit Egyptian territory.
Nov 25 Egypt begins to expel British, French, and Zionist residents.
Nov 29 Tripartite Invasion is officially ended under pressure from UN.
Dec 20 Israel refuses to return Gaza to Egypt.
Dec 24 British and French troops depart Egypt.
Dec 27 5,580 Egyptian POWs exchanged for four Israelis.
Dec 28 Operation to clear sunken ship in Suez Canal starts.
Jan 15 British and French banks in Egypt are nationalised.
Mar 7 UN takes over administration of Gaza Strip.
Mar 15 General Nasser bars Israeli shipping from Suez Canal.
Apr 19 First British ship pays Egyptian toll for use of the Suez Canal.

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