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9 December 1961 – Tanzania Achieves Independence

By December 9, 2013

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Map showing position of Tanzania in AfricaThe mainland of Tanzania became a German colony called Tanganyika in 1884 whilst the Sultanate of Zanzibar became a British Protectorate in 1890. Tanganyika became a British mandated territory in 1918 and achieved independence in 1961. In 1963 Zanzibar achieved independence, and a year later formed a union with Tanganyika under the new name of Tanzania.

Find Out More About the History of Tanzania:
Timeline of Key Events in Tanzania's History
Tanzania History Resources

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