On 9 October 1962 Uganda gained independence (within the Commonwealth) from Britain. Apolo Milton Obote remained prime minister (he had taken the post on 30 April that year), Walter Fleming Coutts was Governor-General (representing the Queen as Head of State) and Edward Mutebi Mutesa II continued as the Kabaka (king).
Obote pulled Uganda out of the Commonwealth the following year, replaced the post of Governor-General with a figurehead 'presidency', and rigged the election to give that post to Mutesa II.
On 8 September 1967 Uganda was proclaimed a republic and the traditional kingdoms were abolished.
Timeline of Uganda
• Part 1: Prehistory to the Road to Independence
• Part 2: Road to Independence to Idi Amin
• Part 3: Idi Amin to the Relaunch of the East Africa Community
• Part 4: Relaunch of the East African Community to Present Day