Once the home to a major trans-Saharan empire based on the trade of salt and gold, this area was colonized by the French in the 1880's. Complete independence was achieved on 22 September 1960 - after initially being federated with Senegal from 20 June 1960 to 20 August 1960.
Find out more about the history of Mali:
A Brief History of Mali
The Federation of Mali
Mali History Resources
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